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Articles - A Healthy Diet:

We are supposed to eat five portions of fruit and vegetables a day, as recommended by
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Lemons and limes add zest every time

Use limes and lemons to add a refreshingly sour note to salads, light sauces for fish and poultry, soups, cakes, desserts and cocktails. Hot lemon and honey is a traditional household remedy for colds. The best way to make it is to boil water and then let it cool to around 60 °C. Stir in lemon juice and sweeten with honey. A squeeze of lemon or lime juice stops fruit like apples from going brown after cutting  and tenderises fish. The aromatic skin of untreated fruit adds a distinctive flavour to many foods.


Origin, appearance and benefits

Lemons originated in Asia, but today they’re grown in many parts of the world, even in central Europe as long as you can bring them inside in the winter. Limes are more sensitive to cold than lemons and only grow well in the tropics. Limes contain less vitamin C, but more calcium, potassium and phosphorous than lemons. The lime that you’ll see most often in the shops has a vivid green skin, pale green flesh and very few pips. Limes are generally smaller, more sour and juicier than lemons.

Tip

Lemons and limes are easier to squeeze if you press them gently with the flat of your hand while you roll them a few times to and fro on the work surface. If you simply want a few drops of juice, don’t cut the in half, simply prick it with a sharp object and squeeze out as much juice as you need. Then pop the fruit in the fridge and use it as soon as possible.

Avoid the skins except for unwaxed organic fruit

Don’t eat or cook with the skins of conventionally grown limes and lemons, because these are generally treated with preservatives and/or wax after harvesting. And the skins may also contain pesticide residues. The German consumer advocate, Stiftung Warentest , tested 38 packaged and loose lemons and limes, including 14 organic products, for residues of 450 pesticides. The testers were pleased to be able to report that only one sample had really high levels of pesticide. 24 samples fell into the category slightly to very slightly contaminated, while 13 fruit showed up with zero contamination. All the zero pesticide fruits had been grown and processed according to organic standards, meaning that they were neither sprayed on the tree nor chemically treated on their way to the consumer.

 

Source: Heike Kreutz, www.aid.de