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Articles - A Healthy Diet:

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The ultimate goal is a varied and
healthy diet

Wholesome, balanced, varied, high-fibre, low-fat, vitamin-rich, full of unsaturated fatty acids, low cholesterol and so on – food, nowadays, is supposed to offer so much. And you quickly get the impression that nutrition is a seriously complicated affair. But in fact there are just a few simple rules you need to stick to provide the body with what it needs. Variety is the key. Meals should be as diverse as possible. A one-sided diet will, in the long run, always have a negative effect on health because the body receives too much of certain nutrients and not enough of others.

 

 

A good guide to making food decisions is the nutrition pyramid. The pyramid divides foods into categories:

  •     Extras (sweets, fatty snacks, alcohol)
  •     Fats and oils
  •     Milk and dairy products, meat, cold cuts, fish and eggs
  •     Bread, cereals and other starchy foods
  •     Vegetables, salad and fruit
  •     Fluids

Fluids form the base of the pyramid, they’re very important. An adult should drink roughly 1.5 to 2 litres per day. The best are sugar-free or low-sugar drinks, such as mineral water or tap water, unsweetened teas, vegetable or diluted fruit juices. Just as important for the human organism are fruit and vegetables. Here, the simple rule is: five a day. Five servings of fruit, vegetables and fruit and vegetable juices cover the recommended daily amount. You can also eat plenty of bread, cereals and supplements.

 

The further you progress up the pyramid, the smaller the daily quantities should be. Animal products, for example, should be chosen carefully. Important is that nothing is forbidden. In moderation, even alcohol and sweets do no harm to the body. The same applies to fats and oils. Careful preparation of meals and taking enough time to enjoy them is important.


Source: Alexandra Walkenhorst, www.aid.de